Results Participants had an average of 29 samples, with HPV poin

Results. Participants had an average of 29 samples, with HPV point prevalence between 58%-77%. CST was associated with changes in HPV status (P smaller than .001). Lactobacillus gasseri-dominated CSTs had the fastest HPV remission rate, and a low Lactobacillus community with high proportions of the genera Atopobium (CST IV-B) had the slowest rate compared to L. crispatus-dominated CSTs (adjusted transition rate ratio [aTRR], 4.43,

95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-17.7; aTRR, 0.33, 95% CI, .12-1.19, respectively). The rate ratio of incident HPV for low Lactobacillus CST IV-A was 1.86 (95% CI, .52-6.74). Conclusions. Vaginal microbiota dominated by L. gasseri was associated with increased buy Galunisertib clearance of detectable HPV. Frequent longitudinal sampling is necessary for evaluation of the association between HPV detection and dynamic microbiota.”
“Polymicrogyria is a cerebral cortical malformation characterized by an excessively folded cortical ribbon of miniature and individually thin convolutions. Although polymicrogyria is a highly

epileptogenic lesion, its epileptogenic SB525334 supplier mechanism is unclear. The anomalous cortex associated with polymicrogyria includes less excitable neural tissue such as a cell sparse zone, but involves a part of a larger epileptic network extending to adjacent cortical areas. This malformation can be modeled in rats with a transcortical prenatal or neonatal freeze lesion, which mimics the histological characteristics of a human four-layered polymicrogyria. Several hypotheses have so far been presented for seizure susceptibility in polymicrogyria, including alterations of glutamate receptor distribution, abnormalities in ion channels, new excitatory

or inhibitory connections, and downregulation of GABA(A) receptor subunits. The cortical hyperexcitability in Sonidegib solubility dmso polymicrogyria may be reduced by the inhibitory neuronal network. Further detailed investigations of a population with aberrantly migrating inhibitory interneurons will provide novel and important insights into the pathogenetic mechanisms of epilepsy in polymicrogyria. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Here, we describe the draft genome sequence of Vibrio fischeri SR5, a squid symbiotic isolate from Sepiola robusta in the Mediterranean Sea. This 4.3-Mbp genome sequence represents the first V. fischeri genome from an S. robusta symbiont and the first from outside the Pacific Ocean.”
“Mutations in growth signaling pathways extend life span, as well as protect against age-dependent DNA damage in yeast and decrease insulin resistance and cancer in mice. To test their effect in humans, we monitored for 22 years Ecuadorian individuals who carry mutations in the growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene that lead to severe GHR and IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor-1) deficiencies.

Blood cultures were monitored at PLGH for Lactobacillus bacteremi

Blood cultures were monitored at PLGH for Lactobacillus bacteremia through the 10 years’ experience, and no Lactobacillus bacteremias were detected. Despite the limitation of

an observational study, we concluded that the probiotic Bio-K+ was safe and effective in decreasing our primary CDI rate.”
“The intrahepatic biliary destruction of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) appears secondary to a multi-lineage response that includes autoantibodies, biliary apotopes, and cellular responses. Although there has been considerable effort in defining the Selleck ACY-738 role and specificity of anti-mitochondrial autoantibodies, a major challenge has been the characterization of T effector pathways. This difficulty is due in part to the limitation of current technologies for directly isolating and characterizing autoreactive T cells from patients. Herein, we successfully demonstrate a novel technology for characterizing the surface phenotype of T cell oligoclonal expansions directly ex vivo. Using PBC as a prototypic disease we were able to detect clonal T cell expansions in 15/15 patients examined. Although the T cell expansions from different patients expressed different TCRV beta gene segments, the surface phenotype of the cells was the same. The clonal T cell expansions in PBC patients are CX3CR1(+) Fas(+)

effector-memory T cells, a finding of particular importance given the known up-regulation of fractalkine on injured biliary epithelial cells (BEC). In contrast to the persistent aberrantly expanded T cells observed in the PBC patients, T cell expansions detected Salubrinal research buy in response to a herpes viral infection were very dynamic and resolved over time. This protocol can be used to characterize T cell expansions in other autoimmune

diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd.”
“Remobilization to the atmosphere of only a small fraction of the methane held in East Siberian Arctic Shelf (ESAS) sediments could trigger abrupt climate warming, yet it is believed that sub-sea permafrost acts as a lid to keep this shallow methane reservoir in place. Here, we show that more than 5000 at-sea observations of dissolved methane demonstrates that greater than 80% of ESAS bottom waters and greater than 50% of surface waters are supersaturated HM781-36B with methane regarding to the atmosphere. The current atmospheric venting flux, which is composed of a diffusive component and a gradual ebullition component, is on par with previous estimates of methane venting from the entire World Ocean. Leakage of methane through shallow ESAS waters needs to be considered in interactions between the biogeosphere and a warming Arctic climate.”
“The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant mechanisms of red ginseng essential oil (REO) in cells as well as in an animal model. REO was prepared by a supercritical CO2 extraction of waste-products generated after hot water extraction of red ginseng.

The trans isomers interacted well

The trans isomers interacted well selleck compound with HIV-1 RI through H-bonding with amino

acids, like Lys101, Lys103, His235, Tyr318, constituting the non-nucleoside inhibitor binding pocket (NNIBP) during docking experiments. However, the compounds showed very little activity when subjected to in vitro anti-HIV-1 screening using beta-galactosidase assay (TZM-bl cells) and GFP quantification (CEM-GFP cells). The very low level of in vitro HIV inhibition, in comparison to predicted EC(50) values on the basis of computational studies, during CEM-GFP screening using AZT as positive control indicated that probably the HIV RI is not the viral target and the molecules work through some different mechanism. (C) 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Leaf curl disease of tobacco (TbLCD) is endemic in India. A monopartite Begomovirus, a betasatellite and an alphasatellite were found associated with the disease in Pusa, Bihar. The DNA-A of the Begomovirus associated with TbLCD in Pusa, Bihar was found to comprise of 2707 nt with a typical Old World begomovirus-like

genome organization. The full-length sequence of DNA-A [HQ180391] showed that the Pusa isolate is a newly described member of the genus Begomovirus, as it had < 89% sequence homology with DNA-A of all the known begomoviruses. GW4869 in vitro The isolate is tentatively named as Tobacco leaf curl Pusa virus [India:Pusa:2010]. The betasatellite (HQ180395) associated with TbLCD in Pusa was identified as a variant of Tomato leaf curl Bangladesh betasatellite [IN:Raj:03], with which it shared 90.4% sequence selleck inhibitor identity. The alphasatellite (HQ180392) associated with the disease had highest

87% nucleotide sequence identity with Tomato leaf curl alphasatellite. The Begomovirus, betasatellite, and alphasatellite associated with TbLCD in Pusa, Bihar, India were found to be recombinants of extant begomoviruses, betasatellites and alphasatellites spreading in the Indian sub-continent and South-East Asia.”
“Objective\n\nThis study shows the evolution of a biomedical observation dictionary within the Assistance Publique Hopitaux Paris (AP-HP), the largest European university hospital group. The different steps are detailed as follows: the dictionary creation, the mapping to logical observation identifier names and codes (LOINC), the integration into a multiterminological management platform and, finally, the implementation in the health information system.\n\nMethods\n\nAP-HP decided to create a biomedical observation dictionary named AnaBio, to map it to LOINC and to maintain the mapping. A management platform based on methods used for knowledge engineering has been put in place. It aims at integrating AnaBio within the health information system and improving both the quality and stability of the dictionary.\n\nResults\n\nThis new management platform is now active in AP-HP.

The 3D positions of body parts of the rats were then estimated by

The 3D positions of body parts of the rats were then estimated by fitting skeleton models of the rats to the 3D images using a physics-based fitting algorithm, and various behaviors were recognized based on the spatio-temporal patterns of the 3D movements of the body parts. Comparisons between the data collected by the 3D system and those by visual inspection indicated that this system could precisely estimate the 3D

positions of body parts for 2 rats during social and sexual interactions with few manual interventions, and could compute the traces of the 2 animals even during find more mounting. We then analyzed the effects of AM-251 (a cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist) on male rat sexual behavior, and found that AM-251 decreased movements and trunk height before sexual behavior, but increased the duration of head-head contact during sexual behavior. These results demonstrate that the use of this 3D system in behavioral studies could open the door to new approaches for investigating the neuroscience of social and sexual behavior.”
“We present a case of classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) co-occurring with histological features of Castleman’s disease (CD). A 25-year-old man presented with left supraclavicular and axillary lymph node swelling and mediastinal mass. Using an initial biopsy specimen from left axillary lymph node, a tentative diagnosis of multicentric CD of

plasma cell type was made. The serum level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) was elevated. The patient was treated with immunosuppressive therapy containing tocilizumab (TCZ). Shrinkage of mediastinal mass and axillary AL3818 price lymph nodes was seen; however, swelling of his left axillary lymph nodes reemerged, even after therapy with TCZ. A second left axillary lymph node biopsy was performed and a diagnosis

of nodular sclerosis of classical HL without histologic features of CD was made. The initial biopsy specimen was re-examined, and scattered CD30+ Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells were found in the interfollicular area. Interestingly, Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells and surrounding reactive cells in both lymph nodes were stained with anti-IL-6 antibody. We emphasize that biopsy specimens with HL involvement may also have histologic features reminiscent of those seen in CD. To our knowledge, this is the first report to provide CCI-779 a detailed description of this pathology, including a survey of IL-6 and clinical course upon treatment with TCZ.”
“Background Monoclonal gammopathies are haematological conditions characterized by the clonal proliferation of plasma cells which produce a monoclonal immunoglobulin that accumulates in the blood. They have already been reported during treatment with a range of drugs but never before during treatment with the anti-TNF-a treatments: adalimumab, etanercept and infliximab currently used in the therapy of moderate-severe psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.

Our results showed that, compared to conventional vegetable culti

Our results showed that, compared to conventional vegetable cultivation, plastic greenhouse vegetable cultivation has higher fresh vegetable production, greater CO(2) fixation (3.61 t CO(2) ha(-1) yr(-1)), better soil retention (23.1 t ha(-1) yr(-1)), and requires less irrigation (2132 m(3) water ha(-1) yr(-1)), maintains similar soil fertility, but also has higher NO(3)(-) accumulation and N(2)O

emissions. In 2004. plastic greenhouse vegetable cultivation in China provided an overall net economic benefit of 67,956 yuan yr(-1) (8.28 yuan = 1 USD in 2004), where 68,240 yuan ha(-1) yr(-1) represented ecosystem services and 284 yuan ha(-1) yr(-1) for dis-services. The transition from conventional vegetable cultivation Kinase Inhibitor Library order to plastic greenhouse vegetable cultivation resulted in a net economic benefit of 24,248 yuan ha(-1) yr(-1). A cost-benefit analysis suggests that plastic greenhouse vegetable cultivation in China has the potential to optimize social benefits in addition to increasing annual economic income to farmers directly. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“The (La0.6Ca0.2Sr0.2MnO3)(1-x)(Sb2O3/CuO)(x) (x=0.00, 0.03, 0.07, 0.12 and 0.18) composites were prepared by the solid-state reaction technique. (La0.6Ca0.2Sr0.2MnO3)(1-x)(Sb2O3/CuO)(x)

are identified by X-ray diffraction and SEM analysis as a two phases consisting of ferromagnetic manganite phase and Sb2O3/CuO phase. Magnetic measurement reveals that the Curie temperature as well as the saturation value of magnetization is gradually weakened by Sb2O3/CuO addition. The temperature CAL-101 order check details dependence of resistivity shows that the

transport behavior of the composites is governed by the grain boundaries. It is suggested that the Sb2O3 addition, acts as a separation layer between grains. Whereas, the introduction of CuO into the grain boundaries forms artificial conducting network and improves the carrier to transport. The maximum magnetoresistance was observed to be approximate to 60% at 10 K for x=0.03 which is larger than the largest MR value of pure La0.6Ca0.2Sr0.2MnO3 (40% at 10 K) in a 2 T magnetic field. Enhanced MR effect at a wide temperature range is consistent with the disorder-driven amplification of spin-dependent transport. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.”
“OBJECTIVE: Adequate dietary iodine intake is necessary for normal thyroid gland function at all times, and most particularly during pregnancy. Increased iodine loss is cited, among other factors, as responsible for the increased iodine demand in this period. Our aim was to compare renal iodine excretion between women during all three pregnancy trimesters with that of their spouses and thereby to estimate the iodine intake in an a large sample of pregnant women in urban areas in Greece.

Lower hemodynamic stress should therefore reduce vessel damage, s

Lower hemodynamic stress should therefore reduce vessel damage, such as aneurism, pseudo-aneurism, intimal hyperplasia and cardiac overload.\n\nConclusions: The development of prototypes is in progress to verify both device usefulness and safety in clinical practice.”
“Previous studies of the population genetic structure of the corallivorous crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS) Acanthaster planci in the Pacific Ocean showed high levels of gene flow that were assumed to reflect a high dispersal potential. However,

the phylogeographic analyses of the Pacific crown-of-thorns starfish species of this study, using the highly variable mitochondrial control region and the most complete geographic coverage to date, contradict this view. Results show high levels of overall genetic structure (I broken vertical bar(ST) = 0.198), suggesting a complex history of range restrictions and click here expansions, a pattern that we hypothesize results from changes in topography and oceanography associated with sea-level

changes. However, results also show signatures of ongoing gene flow between populations isolated in the past and high levels of genetic connectivity even among distant populations. Combined, these results indicate that while there are significant limits to genetic exchange among populations among Pacific Ocean populations of the crown-of-thorns starfish, the high larval dispersal potential of this species is often achieved as check details well.”
“Caring for persons with bone metastasis at the end of life is complex. There are a variety of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic measures that have been shown to provide patients with relief and comfort. Through the use of a case narrative, this article demonstrates the complexity of palliative care as it relates to the pain management of bone metastasis at end of life from both the pharmacological and psychosocial perspectives. Treatment interventions for pain in each of these domains

is explored, illustrating that metastatic bone pain at end of life is amultifaceted experience and therefore requires a multimodal approach to care.”
“Skin homeostasis is maintained, in part, through regulation of gene expression orchestrated by type HM781-36B chemical structure II nuclear hormone receptors in a cell and context specific manner. This group of transcriptional regulators is implicated in various cellular processes including epidermal proliferation, differentiation, permeability barrier formation, follicular cycling and inflammatory responses. Endogenous ligands for the receptors regulate actions during skin development and maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Type II nuclear receptor signaling is also important for cellular crosstalk between multiple cell types in the skin. Overall, these nuclear receptors are critical players in keratinocyte and melanocyte biology and present targets for cutaneous disease management. (C) 2013 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

We used data from two years of health care utilization and costs

We used data from two years of health care utilization and costs for three annual cohorts of permanent residents of Alberta, Canada (April 1999 to March 2002). Literature, expert opinion, and cluster analysis were used to categorize the deceased according to sudden death, terminal

illness, organ failure, frailty, and other causes of death. Expenditures were decomposed into constituent quantities find more and prices. We found that nearly 18, 000 die per year in Alberta: sudden death (7.1%), terminal illness (29.8%), organ failure (30.5%), frailty (30.2%), and other causes (2.3%). Inpatient care remains the primary cost driver for all trajectories. Significant, and predictable health care services art required by noncancer patients. Trajectories

of costs are significantly different for the four categories of dying Albertans. Trajectories of dying are a useful classification for analyzing health care use and costs. J Pain Symptom Manage 2009;38:75-80. (c) 2009 U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee. Published by Screening Library Elsevier Inc. All. rights reserved.”
“Carbopol is a polyanionic carbomer gel used in man for a variety of topical applications and drug delivery purposes. Here we show that subcutaneous administration of carbopol with glycoprotein antigens elicits unusually strong specific adaptive immune responses in mice. Recombinant soluble HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env)-based antigen formulated in carbopol was at least as potent at stimulating Env-specific B and T cell responses as Freund’s Complete Adjuvant, and significantly more potent than aluminium salts. The antigen-specific T cell immune response elicited both Th1 and Th2 cytokines including high titers of IFN-gamma. IL-2 and 1L-4, and drove a Th1 isotype-switched antibody response. Mice immunized with a low dose of purified influenza HA in carbopol generated high titers of anti-HA antibodies and were protected from lethal challenge and disease with live virus. Similarly, immunization of mice with the melanoma cell line B16F10 formulated in carbopol significantly delayed tumor

growth. We propose that carbopol, or related cross-linked polyacrylic acid analogues, may have promise for use as systemic vaccine adjuvants in man. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Most patients with hypertension check details need more than one drug to achieve blood pressure (BP) control. This randomized, double-blind, multifactorial study evaluated whether combinations of aliskiren and amlodipine provided superior BP reductions to component monotherapies in patients with hypertension (mean sitting diastolic BP (msDBP) 95- < 110 mm Hg). Overall, 1688 patients were randomized to once-daily monotherapy with aliskiren 150 or 300 mg or amlodipine 5 or 10 mg, combination therapy with one of four corresponding aliskiren/amlodipine doses, or placebo for 8 weeks. At week 8 end point, aliskiren/amlodipine combinations provided significant msDBP reductions from baseline of 14.0-16.5 mm Hg, compared with reductions of 8.

4-acetamide-TEMPO and 4-methoxy-TEMPO showed efficient catalytic

4-acetamide-TEMPO and 4-methoxy-TEMPO showed efficient catalytic behavior with short reaction times (<4

h) and high carboxylate contents (>1.1 mmol/g) in oxidation of wood cellulose, comparable to TEMPO. Correspondingly, these TEMPO derivatives as well as TEMPO gave high nanofibril yields >56%. On the other hand, the use of 4-hydroxy-TEMPO and 4-oxo-TEMPO resulted in the lowest efficiency in oxidation: oxidation times >24 h, carboxylate contents <0.3 mmol/g, and individualized and surface-oxidized nanofibril yields <2%. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Physical habitat complexity regulates the structure and function of biological communities, although the mechanisms underlying this relationship selleck Pevonedistat mw remain unclear. Urbanisation, pollution, unsustainable resource exploitation and climate change have resulted in the widespread simplification (and loss) of habitats worldwide. One way to restore physical complexity to anthropogenically

simplified habitats is through the use of artificial substrates, which also offer excellent opportunities to explore the effects of different components (variables) of complexity on biodiversity and community structure that would be difficult to separate in natural systems. Here, we describe a software program (CASU) that enables users to visualise static, physical complexity. CASU also provides output files that can be used to create artificial substrates for experimental and/or restoration studies. It has

two different operational modes: simple and advanced. In simple mode, users can adjust the five main variables of informational complexity (i.e. the number of object types, relative abundance of object types, density of objects, variability and range in the objects’ dimensions, and their spatial arrangement) and visualise the changes GSK1210151A research buy as they do so. The advanced mode allows users to design artificial substrates by fine-tuning the complexity variables as well as alter object-specific parameters. We illustrate how CASU can be used to create tiles of different designs for application in a marine environment. Such an ability to systematically influence physical complexity could greatly facilitate ecological restoration by allowing conservationists to rebuild complexity in degraded and simplified habitats.”
“Folate metabolism affects ovarian function, implantation, embryogenesis and the entire process of pregnancy. In addition to its well-established effect on the incidence of neural tube defects, associations have been found between reduced folic acid levels and increased homocysteine concentrations on the one hand, and recurrent spontaneous abortions and other complications of pregnancy on the other.

The primary endpoints were change in best-corrected visual

The primary endpoints were change in best-corrected visual see more acuity (BCVA) at 12 months for CNTF3 and change in visual field sensitivity at 12 months for CNTF4. Patients had the choice of retaining or removing the implant at 12 months for CNTF3 and 24 months for CNTF4.\n\nRESULTS: There were no serious adverse events related to either the encapsulated cell implant or the surgical

procedure. In CNTF3, there was no change in acuity in either ciliary neurotrophic factor- or sham-treated eyes at 1 year. In CNTF4, eyes treated with the high-dose implant showed a significant decrease in sensitivity while no change was seen in sham- and low dose-treated eyes at 12 months. The decrease in sensitivity was reversible upon implant removal. In both studies, ciliary neurotrophic factor treatment resulted in a dose-dependent increase in retinal thickness.\n\nCONCLUSIONS: Long-term intraocular delivery of ciliary

neurotrophic factor is achieved by the encapsulated cell implant. Neither study showed therapeutic benefit in the primary outcome variable. (C) 2013 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Nausea is a universal human experience. It evolves slowly over time, and brain mechanisms underlying selleck screening library this evolution are not well understood. Our functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) approach evaluated brain activity contributing to and arising from increasing motion sickness. Subjects rated transitions to increasing nausea, produced by visually induced vection within the fMRI environment. We evaluated parametrically increasing brain activity 1) precipitating increasing

nausea and 2) following transition to stronger nausea. All subjects demonstrated visual stimulus-associated LY3023414 datasheet activation (P < 0.01) in primary and extrastriate visual cortices. In subjects experiencing motion sickness, increasing phasic activity preceding nausea was found in amygdala, putamen, and dorsal pons/locus ceruleus. Increasing sustained response following increased nausea was found in a broader network including insular, anterior cingulate, orbitofrontal, somatosensory and prefrontal cortices. Moreover, sustained anterior insula activation to strong nausea was correlated with midcingulate activation (r = 0.87), suggesting a closer linkage between these specific regions within the brain circuitry subserving nausea perception. Thus, while phasic activation in fear conditioning and noradrenergic brainstem regions precipitates transition to strong nausea, sustained activation following this transition occurs in a broader interoceptive, limbic, somatosensory, and cognitive network, reflecting the multiple dimensions of this aversive commonly occurring symptom.”
“This work describes a simple method to immobilize heparin by covalent bonding to the surface of poly(lactic acid) film with the aim of showing improved hemocompatibility.

“We have established a fast PCR-based micro flow-through p

“We have established a fast PCR-based micro flow-through process consisting of a helical constructed tube reactor. By this approach we can detect transcripts of measles and human papilloma virus (HPV) by continuous flow allowing for

reverse transcription (RT) and amplification this website of cDNA. The micro reaction system consisted of two columnar reactors for thermostating the different reaction zones of the RT process and the amplification. The PCR reactor was built by asymmetric heating sections thus realizing different residence times and optimal conditions for denaturation, annealing and elongation. The system concept is based on low electrical power consumption (50-120 W) and is suited for portable diagnostic applications. The samples were applied in form of micro fluidic segments with single volumes between 65 and 130

nL injected into an inert carrier liquid inside a Teflon FEP tube with an inner diameter of 0.5 mm. Optimal amplification for template lengths of 292 bp (lambda-DNA), 127 bp (measles virus) and 95 bp (HPV) was achieved by maximal cycle times of 75 s.”
“The detection limits for cortical and brain stem sources associated with the auditory pathway are examined in order to analyse brain responses at the limits of the audible frequency range. The results obtained from this study are also relevant to other issues of auditory brain research. A complementary approach consisting of recordings of magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data and simulations of magnetic ZD1839 concentration field distributions is presented in this work. A biomagnetic SN-38 DNA Damage inhibitor phantom consisting of a spherical volume filled with a saline solution and four current dipoles is built. The magnetic fields outside of the phantom generated by the current dipoles are then measured for a range of applied electric dipole moments with a planar multichannel SQUID magnetometer device and a helmet MEG gradiometer device. The inclusion of a magnetometer

system is expected to be more sensitive to brain stem sources compared with a gradiometer system. The same electrical and geometrical configuration is simulated in a forward calculation. From both the measured and the simulated data, the dipole positions are estimated using an inverse calculation. Results are obtained for the reconstruction accuracy as a function of applied electric dipole moment and depth of the current dipole. We found that both systems can localize cortical and subcortical sources at physiological dipole strength even for brain stem sources. Further, we found that a planar magnetometer system is more suitable if the position of the brain source can be restricted in a limited region of the brain. If this is not the case, a helmet-shaped sensor system offers more accurate source estimation.”
“Previous crystallographic and mutagenesis studies have implicated the role of a position-conserved hairpin loop in the metallo-beta-lactamases in substrate binding and catalysis.